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The second year of the global pandemic continued with more remote work, the high demand for digital experiences, cyber attacks (including ransomware), and (naturally) developer burnout as teams struggled to keep up. However, as a result of higher demand, DevSecOps took a backseat as development teams rushed to get products out.
However, we can put that in the past and close the door in 2021 because this year promises to be different as companies refocus on a security-first development approach. After all, security is not an option; it’s a business imperative.
Even with all uncertainty and chaos brought on by the pandemic, we have experienced considerable growth in this space. According to Research and Markets, the global DevSecOps market is forecasted to be worth a whopping $17.24 billion by 2028 (growing at a CAGR of 24.1%).
We can attribute the growth of DevSecOps to a global shift towards online platforms, Work From Home (WFH) initiatives, internet penetration rate, and a considerable increase of cybercrime that drives demand worldwide for DevSecOps solutions.
There has also been a move to eliminate silos between the development and operations teams. This approach is driven by DevSecOps, Kubernetes, microservices, and serverless computing. As all these technologies evolve and accelerate this year, we will see DevOps teams that are more efficient, productive, and effective.
In the months ahead, the importance of shifting left and DevSecOps will increase. One of the key drivers will be the need to avert product security breaches. Enterprises will also continue to move up to the cloud while leaning more towards microservices.
So, what are the leading DevSecOps trends we can expect to see in 2022? Let’s dive right into the top five DevSecOps trends.
Infrastructure-as-code (IaC) represents the process of managing and provisioning infrastructure through code (and not a manual process). This approach has consistently allowed developers to provision the same environment and improve configuration management. So, IaC enables development teams to eliminate ad-hoc configuration changes and accelerate deliveries.
IaC is growing increasingly popular as it promises much more than just automation. It’s a concept that provides continuity and helps avoid human error by automatically provisioning and configuring all environments.
Some key benefits of leveraging IaC include consistency in delivering identical configurations, easier cloud-native adoption, temporary architecture, traceability, and enhanced efficiency throughout the development cycle.
DevOps teams can also quickly revert to the last configuration that worked without any issues. As such, it will be one of the key drivers that alert developers to the benefits of IaC.
The first half of 2021 saw an explosion of zero-day exploits with as many as 770 vulnerabilities detected (eclipsing every other year on record). While some blame poor code quality for these security events, it’s more likely coming down to other factors like increasing media attention on “lucrative exploits.”
Threat actors have also adapted their techniques and moved away from exploring code for flaws to patch gap exploitation. In this scenario, when an unpatched vulnerability is detected, hackers now tailor their malware code for it.
This might lead to a rise of bots looking out for disclosed vulnerabilities and the implementation of patches at specific organizations. This approach will help bad actors accelerate successful cyberattacks.
DevSecOps teams will focus on improving open-source code management protocols in the months ahead. Development teams can keep their code clean by using security tools that can automatically scan open-source code for vulnerabilities and across legitimate and trustworthy vulnerability databases.
DevSecOps teams must regularly conduct inventory checks and monitor security updates from vendors to keep up with new patches and updates.
CloudOps is all about efficiently managing both the underlying infrastructure and cloud-hosted applications. This approach helps validate procedures enabling applications and best practices in the cloud. CloudOps also makes the consumption of resources more cost-effective.
As organizations continue their digital transformation journey, they will need to adopt CloudOps. Organizations will also work with CloudOps developers to introduce more cloud-based applications and tools that help with its implementation.
CloudOps also helps enterprises leverage cloud platforms to achieve more agility. However, success always comes down to your CloudOps strategy. This means that organizations will have to build proficient dedicated teams to oversee performance monitoring, cloud governance and capacity planning, security, and much more.
The introduction of security into the DevOps pipeline brought about DevSecOps. Going forward, integrated security testing will be the norm as more DevOps teams add integrated security measures into their testing pipeline.
Over the years, organizations often performed unit testing and functional testing as part of their deployment pipeline. In 2022, security tests will be part of the regular testing suite.
With the rapid rise of cloud computing, companies also have to deal with a whole host of new security threats. Driven by rapid digital transformation with the onset of the pandemic and with a growing number of SaaS applications, security is critical to business relevance.
By integrating security into testing, DevOps teams can shift left and try to find vulnerabilities before applications are deployed into the production environment.
GitOps focuses on developer experiences. Leveraging version control systems within Git, GitOps helps development teams seamlessly manage the infrastructure and configurations.
GitOps best practices are similar to DevOps and leverage code review and CI/CD pipelines to get the most out of them. This means that development teams can automate the infrastructure provisioning process. They can also keep all files, including the development code, in a Git repository.
This approach helps reduce downtime and makes deployments increasingly dependable and fast. GitOps teams can also apply a similar concept to apps, Kubernetes clusters, and server infrastructure.
If your deployment teams already use Git as their configuration management tool, all you need to do is add IaC to the Git repository. They can also configure the CI/CD pipeline to include infrastructure repo into the delivery pipeline.
GitOps also makes it simple to hold your development team accountable and provides a single source of truth for them to follow. Whenever developers identify divergence or a bug, it will be caught much earlier in the development cycle. In this manner, developers will also shift security even further left.
Figure: Git as the Single Source of Truth
Even in the event of an active data breach, GitOps enables rapid response to address potential issues adequately. Whenever organizations store IaC in a Git repository, you can also quickly identify the lines of code that were affected within it.
Download this Comprehensive ebook for beginners on GitOps here.
At Magalix (now part of Weaveworks) we champion the programmatic enforcement of security standards with Policy-as-Code (PoC) in GiOps pipelines. Whenever you enforce PoC across the company, developers can quickly establish governance standards across Kubernetes clusters in a click, implement customized policy checks across cloud environments, validate infrastructure compliance earlier in the development cycle, and build robust infrastructure by deploying PoC in DevOps workflows.
Developers can also innovate faster without compromising security or compliance with proper GitOps workflows and playbooks in cloud-native environments. They can also customize code to your organizational policies and automatically enforce them. This is what we call Trusted Application Delivery.
If you’d like to reap the benefits of Trusted Application Delivery with Magalix and Weaveworks, check out Weave GitOps Enterprise or Request a demo.
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